Top Soil & Soil
Organic gardening and organic fertilizer improves the soil
and allows for better absorption of water and water-holding capacity.
have organic matter provide beneficial nutrients to plants. It
is important to improve soils prior to seeding or sodding. Pioneer
of soils and soil mixes. Be sure you are familiar with those that
are sold by the cubic yard, and those sold by the ton. Typically
and topsoil are sold by the ton and weigh about 1.3 tons per yard.
Soil mixes vary in weight depending upon moisture content and upon
which materials are used in the soil mix.
Normally the top 6" to 12" growing medium of earth
has about 5 to 10 percent organics; hence the dark color. Topsoil
provides a good growing media for any plants. It usually needs
fortification with compost, manure or peat moss, which provides
both fertilization and water retention.
Most stores sell screened and unscreened topsoil. Unscreened
is normally referred to as "Fill Dirt". It will normally
contain soil chunks or clods, and some rock. Screened topsoil
is processed through a screening/shredding plant. This process
removes most clumps and rock.
Sod Mix is made of 60% screened fill dirt, 30% mulch, and 10%
sand. Sod Mix is an excellent mixture for sod, flower gardens,
and is a excellent base material for all growing needs. This
soil mixture is used when a little extra water retention is desired
such as the above ground planters or flower pots where evaporation
occurs more quickly.
33% screened fill dirt, 33% mulch, 33% manure. Sandy Loam is
A great medium for vegetable gardens and other applications that
utilize the warmth and micro nutrients of manure.
50% mulch and 50% manure. This blend is primarily used for winter
seeding and is distributed in a ¼” layer over the
seed. The mulch helps retain moisture while the manure provides
warmth and micro-nutrients to the seeds.
Composted cow manure is mildly acidic, which is beneficial for
the alkaline soils in this area. It is good for gardening, providing
fertilization and water retention. The high organic content makes
it a good mix for loosening clay soils. Manure should not be
used straight; it must be tilled into the soil (2" of manure
to 6" of soil). Normally sold after being composted and
shredded or in prepared soil mixes. "